Dr. Bhalchandra A. Kakade


Research Associate Professor


Welcome to the materials chemistry & fuel cell catalysis group at SRM Research Institute. As the leader of this group I welcome you cordially to visit our website, contact with members of our group and discuss your technical interests and possible collaboration with us. Our laboratory is involved in the research of hybrid nanomaterials with specific application areas in alternative energy, multifunctional nanocomposites and energy storage technologies. Our research focuses on the materials science and engineering of several technologies that will impact our society in the future. With several collaborations at SRM and outside we are involved in a multi-disciplinary team effort with the goal of developing functional nanomaterials for a rich variety of applications.

Our mission is to develop novel energy materials for efficient electrocatalysis in the low temperature fuel cells like PEMFCs and DMFCs. Various methodologies are employed to design such hybrid nanomaterials using our imagination amalgamated experience to excite the society by offering future technology. Hence, we welcome the young brains to become missionaries of the science & technology and to do the betterment for human kind.



Sponsoring Agency

Title of Project

Amount of Grant


Main investigator

DST Fast track (Young scientist)

Systematic Development of Electrocatalysts for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

24.93 lakhs


Dr. Bhalchandra Kakade

DST Extramural

Development of Layered Conducting Ceramic Nanomaterials of MAX phase and MXenes for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications

54.00 lakhs


 Dr. Bhalchandra Kakade

     & Co PI: Dr. Vinod Kumar G. S.

TITAN Tanishq

Efficient Chemical Etching of Gold for 2D/3D Jewelry



Dr. Bhalchandra Kakade

DST Extramural

Mechanistic of CO oxidation on metal free catalyst and property package

35.46 lakhs


PI: Dr. Ranjit Thapa

   & Co PI: Dr. Bhalchandra Kakade

Website: https://sites.google.com/site/bhalchandrakakade


  • Noble metal Electrocatalysis: Low temperature fuel cell catalysis, especially oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and methanol electrooxidation (MOR), catalytic corrosion, durability, membrane electrode assembly (MEA), chemically ordered metallic nanoparticles and so on.
  • Noble metal-free Electrocatalysis: Carbonaceous nanomaterials and their nanocomposites, layered-double hydroxides, noble metal-free materials (h-BN, graphene, doped systems, metal or metal alloy foams, brownmillerites etc) for facile proton/electron transport systems
  • Materials Electrochemistry: CO conversion catalysis, CO2 conversion, hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER) so on.
  • Supercapacitor & Storage: MAX phases and MXene materials
  • Composite Polyelectrolyte membranes


Website: https://sites.google.com/site/bhalchandrakakade


Ph. D. Students

Title of Thesis

Date of Registration

Source of Funding

Mr. Moorthi Lokanathan

Systematic Design of Electrocatalysts and Support Materials for Oxygen Reduction Reaction


DST-SERB project

Mr. Indrajit Patil

Development of Noble Metal-Free Electrocatalysts For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells


DST-SERB project

Mr. Haridas Babaso Parse

Development of MAX phase and MXenes for Energy Storage Applications



Ms. S. Divya Catherin

Three Dimensional Metallic Foam as a Significant Electrocatalyst for Methanol Electrooxidation



Ms. Phiralang Marbaniang

Development of Metal-Free Electrocatalysts For Oxygen Reduction Reaction




Website: https://sites.google.com/site/bhalchandrakakade

Post-doctoral Researcher (DST-SERB supported N-PDF)

Name of Fellow

Title of Project

Joining Date

Dr. Prabhakaran Karuppanan

Polymer based Integrated Dye Sensitized Solar Cell - Supercapacitor for Energy Harvesting and Storage Applications

5th December 2016


Project Students

Name of student

Research project



Mr. Arjun Ajit Mohan

Structural and Magnetic properties of Gadolinium Doped SrSnO3

M. Tech.

Physics and Nanotechnology

Mr. Sambit Ghosh

Synthesis of Fe-filled Carbon Nanotubes

B. Tech.

Physics and Nanotechnology

Ms. Rajaroopa

Amine functionalized Carbon Nanotubes and their Electrochemical Behavior

B. Tech.

Physics and Nanotechnology

Mr. Alhassan Kabiru Usman

Synthesis of ternary Pt based alloy nanoparticles for enhanced electroro-reduction of oxygen

M. Sc.


Mr. Kamal Danazumi

Synthesis of Metal-free Electrocatalyst For Fuel Cell Application

M. Sc.


Mr. Sherrif (MC College)

Development of Noble metal free electrocatalysts for AFCs applications

M. Sc.


Mr. Balakrishnan

Noble metal free electrocatalysts for ORR and OER applications

M. Tech.

Physics and Nanotechnology

Ms. Poonkuzhali

Cobalt-Nitrogen doped Graphene oxide nanocomposites for Oxygen reduction reaction

M. Sc.


Ms. Pavithra

Design of layered nanomaterials for oxygen reduction reaction

B. Tech.

Physics and Nanotechnology

Ms. Vinusha

Ordered alloys as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen electroreduction

B. Tech.

Physics and Nanotechnology



  1. Designing of stable and highly efficient ordered Pt2CoNi ternary alloy electrocatalyst: The origin of dioxygen reduction activity” Moorthi Lokanathan, Indrajit M. Patil, M. Navaneethan, Vanshree Parey, Ranjit Thapa and Bhalchandra Kakade* Nano Energy, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.041 (Impact factor: 12.343).
  2. “Low Density Three Dimensional Metal Foams as Significant Electrocatalysts toward Methanol Oxidation Reaction” Divya Catherin Sesu, Indrajit Patil, Moorthi Lokanathan, Haridas Parse, Phiralang Marbaniang and Bhalchandra Kakade*, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2017  DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03480 (Impact factor: 5.951).
  3. “Nitrogen and Sulphur co-doped Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes as an efficient Electrocatalyst for Improved Oxygen Electroreduction” Indrajit Patil, Vinusha Reddy, Moorthi Lokanathan and Bhalchandra Kakade*, Appl. Surf. Sci. 2017, 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.12.124 (Impact factor: 3.387).
  4. “Mechanical Activation in Reduced Graphite Oxide/Boron Nitride Nanocomposite Electrocatalyst for Significant Improvement in Dioxygen Reduction” Indrajit M. Patil, Chamundi P. Jijil, Moorthi Lokanathan, Anita Swami and Bhalchandra Kakade*, Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 2018, 2, 252 - 261.
  5. “Unusual enhancement in the electroreduction of oxygen by NiCoPt by surface tunability through potential cycling” Moorthi Lokanathan, Indrajit M. Patil, Alhasan Kabiru Usman, Anita Swami, Pravin Walke, M. Navaneethan and Bhalchandra Kakade*, RSC Advances, 2017, 7, 11777. (Impact factor: 3.289).
  6. "N Doping in Oxygen Deficient Ca2Fe2O5: A Strategy for Efficient Oxygen Reduction Oxide Catalysts" Chamundi Jijil, Moorthi Lokanathan, Sundaresan Chithiravel, Chandrani Nayak, Dibyendu Bhattacharyya, Shambhu Nath Jha, Peram Babu, Bhalchandra Kakade*, R. Nandini Devi, ACS Applied Materials & Interface, 2016, 8(50), 34387 (Impact factor: 7.145).
  7. “Synergistically Enhanced Electrocatalytic Performance of N-Doped Graphene Quantum Dots Decorated Three-Dimensional MoS2-Graphene Nanohybrid for Oxygen Reduction Reaction” Ramalingam Vinoth, Indrajit Patil, Alagarsamy Pandikumar, Bhalchandra Kakade, Huang Nay Ming, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, and Bernaurdshaw Neppolian, ACS Omega 2016, 1, 971-980.
  8. "Carbon Nanotube/Boron Nitride Nanocomposite as a Significant Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction and Oxygen Evolution Reactions" Indrajit M. Patil, Moorthi Lokanathan, G. Balakrishnan, Anita Swami and Bhalchandra Kakade, Chemistry – A European Journal, 2016, 22, 1-9  (Impact factor: 5.771).
  9. “Three Dimensional Nanocomposite of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Hexagonal Boron Nitride as an Efficient Metal-Free Catalyst for Oxygen Electroreduction” Indrajit M. Patil, Moorthi Lokanathan and Bhalchandra Kakade, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 4504-4515 (Impact factor: 8.262).
  10. “Enhanced Methanol Electrooxidation at Pt skin@PdPt Nanocrystals” Bhalchandra Kakade, Indrajit Patil, Moorthi Lakanathan, Anita Swami, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 17771–17779 (Impact factor: 8.262).
  11. “Highly active and durable chemically ordered Pt-Fe-Co intermetallics as cathode catalysts of membrane-electrode assemblies in polymer electrolyte fuel cells” Takanori Tamaki, Atsuhiko Minagawa, Balamurugan Arumugam, Bhalchandra Kakade and Takeo Yamaguchi, J. Power Sources 2014, 271, 346 (Impact factor: 6.333).
  12. “Enhanced activity and durability for electroreduction of oxygen at chemically ordered intermetallic PtFeCo catalyst” Balamurugan Arumugam, Bhalchandra Kakade, Takanori Tamaki, Masazumi Arao, Hideto Imai and Takeo Yamaguchi RSC Advances, 2014, 4, 27510 (Impact factor: 3.84).
  13. “Synthesis of 3D Graphite Oxide-Exfoliated Carbon Nanotube Carbon Composite and Its Application as Catalyst Support for Fuel Cells” Hailin Wang, Bhalchandra Kakade, Takanori Tamaki, and Takeo Yamaguchi, J. Power Sources 2014, 260, 338 (Impact factor: 6.217).
  14. “Chemical Control of Superhydrophobicity of Carbon Nanotube Surfaces: Droplet Pinning and Electrowetting Behavior” Bhalchandra Kakade, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 7011 (Impact factor: 7.394).
  15. “Enhanced oxygen reduction reaction by bimetallic CoPt and PdPt nanocrystals” Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Hailin Wang, Takanori Tamaki, Hidenori Ohashi and Takeo Yamaguchi, RSC Advances 2013, 3, 10487 (Impact factor: 3.84).
  16. “Highly Active Bimetallic PdPt and CoPt Nanocrystals for Methanol Electrooxidation” Bhalchandra Kakade, Takanori Tamaki, Hidenori Ohashi and Takeo Yamaguchi J. Phys. Chem. C 2012, 116, 7464 (Impact factor: 4.835).
  17. “Carbon nanotube-modified sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for molecular weight determination of proteins” Meera Parthasarathy, Joyashish Debgupta, Bhalchandra Kakade, Abu A Ansary, M Islam Khan and Vijayamohanan K Pillai  Anal. Biochem. 2011, 409, 230 (Impact factor: 3.247).
  18. “Competitive wetting of acetonitrile and dichloromethane in comparison to that of water on functionalized carbon nanotube surfaces” Joyashish Debgupta, Bhalchandra Kakade and Vijayamohanan K. Pillai Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2011, 13, 14668 (Impact factor: 4.2).
  19. “High Current Density, Low Threshold Field Emission from Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Bucky Paper” Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, Dattatray J. Late, Padmakar G. Chavan, Farid J. Sheini, Mahendra A. More, Dilip S. Joag Appl. Phys. Lett. 2010, 97, 073102 (Impact factor: 4.096).
  20. “Synthesis of Rh–carbon nanotube based heterostructures and their enhanced field emission characteristics”  Bhaskar R. Sathe, Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Ajay Kushwaha, Mohammed Aslam and Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 5671 (Impact factor: 6.169)
  21. High-Purity Synthesis of Scrolled Mats of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes using Temperature Modulation” Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Hatem Allouche, Subhramania Mahima, Bhaskar R. Sathe, Vijayamohanan K Pillai Carbon, 2008, 46, 567 (Impact factor: 6.160).
  22. Quantized Double Layer Charging Behavior of Rh2057(TDA)321 Clusters using Differential Pulse and Cyclic VoltammetryBhalchandra A. Kakade, Shashidhar Shintri, Bhaskar Sathe, S. B. Halligudi, and Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 272 (Impact factor: 13.877).
  23. Enhanced performance of polymer electrolyte fuel cells with Nafion based composite electrolytes using Sulfonic acid functionalized single wall carbon nanotubes” Ramaiyan Kannan, Bhalchandra A. Kakade, and Vijayamohanan K. Pillai  Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 1 (Impact factor: 13.855).
  24. “Electric Field Induced, Superhydrophobic to Superhydrophilic Switching in Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube papers” Bhalchandra Kakade, Rutvik Mehta, Apurva Durge, Sneha Kulkarni, Vijayamohanan Pillai  Nano Lett. 2008, 8, 2693 (Impact factor: 13.198).
  25. Tuning the Wetting behavior of Multiwalled Carbon NanotubesBhalchandra A. Kakade, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai  J. Phys Chem. 112, 3183, 2008 (Impact factor: 4.835).
  26. “Near-Complete Phase Transfer of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes by Covalent Functionalization using Oxalyl Chloride” Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Sanjay D. Patil, Bhaskar R. Sathe, Suresh P. Gokhale, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai J. Chem. Sci. 2008, 120, 599 (Impact factor: 1.177).
  27. An efficient route towards the covalent functionalization of Single walled carbon nanotubes Bhalchandra A. Kakade and K. Vijayamohanan Appl. Sur. Sci. 2008, 254, 4936 (Impact factor: 2.032).
  28. Highly Selective Catalytic Hydrogenation of Arenes using Rhodium Nanoparticle Supported Multiwalled Carbon NanotubesBhalchandra A. Kakade, Suman Sahoo, Shivappa B. Halligudi, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai  J. Phys. Chem C  112, 13317, 2008 (Impact factor: 4.835).
  29. “Enhanced Field Emission from Hexagonal Rhodium Nanostructures” Bhaskar Sathe, Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Imtiaz S. Mulla, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, Dattatray J. Late, Mahendra A. More, Dilip S. Joag Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253106, 2008 (Impact factor: 4.096).
  30. “Tuning the Transport Properties of poly(oxyethylene)bis amine-Nafion Polyelectrolyte Complexes by Dielectric Manipulation” Meera Parthasarathy, Bhalchandra Kakade, Vijayamohanan Pillai  Macromolecules,  2008, 41, 3653 (Impact factor: 5.167).
  31. Nanometer Sized Tridecylamine Capped Rhodium Dispersed on High Surface Area Support: Catalytic Investigations” Trissa Joseph, Shashidhar Shintri, Bhalchandra Kakade, Vijayamohanan Pillai., and S. B. Halligudi J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2007, 7, 2870 (Impact factor: 1.563).
  32. Role of Polyfunctional Organic Molecules in the Synthesis and Assembly of Metal Nanoparticles” Jadab Sharma, Bhalchandra Kakade, Nirmalya Chaki, S. Mahima, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2007, 7, 2139 (Impact factor: 1.563).
  33. “Synthesis and characterization of mesoporous carbon through inexpensive mesoporous silica as templateKarandikar, P., Patil, K. R., Mitra, A., Kakade, B., Chandwadkar, A. J. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2007, 98, 189 (Impact factor: 3.285).
  34. “Suppression of electron-transfer characteristics of ferrocene by OTS monolayer on a silicon/electrolyte interface” Kulkarni, S. A., Kakade, B. A., Mulla, I.S., Pillai, V. K., J. Coll. Int. Sci. 2006, 299, 777 (Impact factor: 3.263).
  35. Electrochemical organization of monolayer protected gold nanoclusters on single-walled carbon nanotubes: Significantly enhanced double layer capacitance” Mahima, S., Chaki, N. K., Sharma, J., Kakade, B. A., Pasricha, R., Rao, A.M., Vijayamohanan, K. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2006, 6, 1387 (Impact factor: 1.563).
  36. “Investigation of interparticle interactions of larger (4.63 nm) monolayer protected gold clusters during quantized double layer charging” Chaki, N. K., Kakade, B. A., Singh, P., Vijayamohanan, K. P., Dharmadhikari, C.V. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 1837, 2006 (Impact factor: 3.257).
  37. Quantized double layer charging of dodecanethiol protected larger Au nanoclusters: combined investigations using differential pulse voltammetry, cyclic voltammetry and impedance techniqueNirmalya K. Chaki, Bhalchandra Kakade and Kunjukrishna P. Vijayamohanan Electrochem. Commun. 2004, 6, 661 (Impact factor: 5.159).
  38. Highly resolved quantized double-layer charging of relatively larger dodecanethiol-passivated gold quantum dots” Chaki, N.K., Kakade, B. A., Sharma, J., Mahima, S., Vijayamohanan, K.P., Haram, S.K., J. Appl. Phys. 96 (9), 5032, 2004. (Impact factor: 2.159)
  39. Solvent-assisted one-pot synthesis and self-assembly of 4-aminothiophenol-capped gold nanoparticlesSharma, J., Mahima, S., Kakade, B. A., Pasricha, R., Mandale, A.B., Vijayamohanan, K., J. Phys. Chem. B, 2004, 108, 13280, (Impact factor: 3.696).
  40. “Photoluminescence studies of Eu3+ doped Y2O3 nanophosphor prepared by microwave hydrothermal method” Vadivel Murugan, A., Viswanath, A. K., Ravi, V., Kakade, B. A., Saaminathan, V. Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 123120, 2004 (Impact factor: 4.096).
  41. “Eu3+ doped lanthanum oxide nanowhiskers: Microwave hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and photoluminescence properties” Vadivel Murugan, A., Kasi Viswanath, A., Kakade, B. A., Ravi, V., Saaminathan, V. J. Phys. D: Applied Physics,  2006, 39, 3974 (Impact factor: 2.544).
  42. “Ultrafast switching time and third order nonlinear coefficients of microwave treated single walled carbon nanotube suspensions” N. Kamaraju, Sunil Kumar, B. Karthikeyan, Bhalchandra Kakade, Vijayamohanan K. Pillai and A. K. Sood J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2009, 9, 5550 (Impact factor: 1.563).
  43.  “Invertase inhibition based electrochemical sensor for the detection of heavy metal ions in aqueous system: Application of ultra-microelectrode to enhance sucrose biosensor's sensitivity” Dipali Bagal-Kestwal, Meena S. Karve, Bhalchandra Kakade and Vijayamohanan K. Pillai, Biosens. Bioelectron. 2008, 24, 657 (Impact factor: 5. 637).
  44. “Enhanced electroreduction of oxygen and stripping voltammetry on PdPt nanoparticles” Moorthi Lokanathan, Bhalchandra Kakade, Anita Swami, Takanori Tamaki, and Takeo Yamaguchi, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2015, 1665, 050084.


Total no. of Publications        : 44

Cumulative Impact Factor     : 231.13

h-Index                                    : 17



  1. Bhalchandra Kakade, Moorthi Lokanathan and Indrajit Patil, “Supported, Chemically ordered tri-metallic catalyst composition for fuel cells; A process for its preparation” (Indian Patent Application No.:  201741026989 dated 28th July 2017).
  2. Vijayamohanan Pillai, Bhalchandra Kakade and R. Kannan, “Composition with Enhanced Proton Conductivity” (US patent: US8399149 B2; Publication date: Mar 19, 2013).
  3. Bhalchandra Kakade, Arumugam Balamurugan, Takahiko Minagawa, Takanori Tamaki and Takeo Yamaguchi “Electrode Materials for fuel cells” (Japanese patent Application: 2013-081863 Application date: 10th April 2013).
  4. Vijayamohanan Pillai, R. Kannan and Bhalchandra Kakade, “Composition with Enhanced Proton Conductivity” (European patent: EP2253038; Publication date: 2010).
  5. Bhalchandra Kakade, H. Wang, T. Tamaki, Hidenori Ohashi, Takeo Yamaguchi “3-D network of graphene oxide and carbon nanoribbon for supercapacitor Applications” (Japanese Patent Application: 2011-183-11T154 Application date: 25th Jan. 2012).
  6. Bhalchandra Kakade, H. Wang, T. Tamaki, Hidenori Ohashi, Takeo Yamaguchi “Inorganic proton conductor ZrS coating on carbon nanotubes” (Japanese Patent Application: 2011-289 Application date: 29th Feb. 2012).
  7. Bhalchandra Kakade, Takeo Yamaguchi, Hidenori Ohashi, Hirofumi Konno and Yoshihiro Kobori, “Metal nanoparticles and its fabrication” (Japanese Patent Application: 2009-187350, Application date: 12th August, 2009).


Website: https://sites.google.com/site/bhalchandrakakade





Course offered

Course Code



M. Sc.

Nanochemistry  or

Physical Chemistry -III or

Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics





Physical Chemistry-II

Quantum Chemistry & Molecular Spectroscopy 





SRM Research Institute,
R-32, 13th floor, Central library building,
SRM Institute of Science and Technology (formerly known as SRM University), Kattankulathur,
Chennai – 603 203.
Tel: +91-44-2741-7920
Fax: +91-44-2745-6702
Email: bhalchandrakakade.a@res.srmuniv.ac.in
Website: https://sites.google.com/site/bhalchandrakakade/home